For A Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security & Agro-Food Production
“Smart farming” is an emerging concept that refers to managing farms using technologies like IoT, robotics, drones and AI to increase the quantity and quality of products while optimizing the human labor required by production. Sciforce – June 22, 2022
What is a Smart Farm?
Smart Farming or Agriculture IR4.0 is an arising idea that alludes to overseeing ranches utilizing current Information and Communication Technologies to build the amount and nature of items while advancing the human work required.
Smart Farming applications don’t target just enormous, traditional cultivating abuses, yet could likewise be new switches to help other normal or developing patterns in agrarian double-dealings, like family cultivating (little or complex spaces, explicit societies as well as steers, conservation of top-caliber or specific assortments,… ), natural cultivating, and upgrade an exceptionally regarded and straightforward cultivating as per European shopper, society and market cognizance.
Smart Farming can likewise give extraordinary advantages as far as ecological issues, for instance, through more effective utilization of water, or advancement of medicines and information sources.
Among the technologies in agriculture IR4.0 available for present-day farmers in particulars are:
- Sensor: temperature management, humidity, soil, water, light
- Software: specialized software solutions that target specific farm types or use case agnostic IoT platform
- Connectivity: cellular, LoRa, etc.
- Location: GPS, Satellite, etc.
- Robotics: autonomous tractors, processing facilities, etc.
- Data Analytics: data pipelines for downstream solutions, standalone analytics solutions, etc.
IoT however is not the only concept used in smart farming. Other concepts include Autonomous & Robotic labour and Drones & UAVs for imaging, planting and more.
Replacing human labour with automation is a growing trend across multiple industries, and agriculture is no exception. Most aspects of farming are exceptionally labour-intensive, with much of that labour comprised of repetitive and standardized tasks—an ideal niche for robotics and automation. Driverless tractors, seeding, planting, automatic watering and irrigation, weeding, crop maintenance are examples of how Autonomous technology can reduce labour and increase yield and efficiency.
Drones or UAVs, other than being used for crop spraying and planting from the air, can be efficiently used for monitoring and analysis. Since drones collect multispectral, thermal, and visual imagery during the flight, the collected data provide farmers with insights into plant health, plant counting and yield prediction, plant height measurement, canopy cover mapping, drainage mapping, weed pressure mapping, scouting reports, stockpile measuring, and so on.
With the persistent expansion in the total populace, interest for food supply is very raised. Governments are assisting ranchers with utilizing progressed procedures and examinations to build food creation. Shrewd cultivating is one of the quickest developing fields in IoT.
To address these difficulties will require a deliberate exertion by legislatures, financial backers, and imaginative rural advances. Horticulture 4.0 will presently don’t rely upon applying water, manures, and pesticides consistently across whole fields.
All things considered, ranchers will utilize the base amounts required and target unmistakable regions. This conclusion further expresses that, ranches and horticultural tasks should be run in an unexpected way, fundamentally because of progressions in innovation like sensors, gadgets, machines, and data innovation. Future farming will utilize refined innovations like robots, temperature and dampness sensors, aeronautical pictures, and GPS innovation. These high-level gadgets and accuracy agribusiness and mechanical frameworks will permit homesteads to be more beneficial, proficient, safe, and harmless to the ecosystem.
Ranchers are utilizing significant experiences from the information to yield a superior profit from the venture. Detecting for soil dampness and supplements, controlling water utilization for plant development, and deciding custom manure are some basic employments of IoT.
Peruse more to know the most recent about IoT in horticulture.